Health workers are the front line in the fight against Covid-19, and they face the various risks of infection more than others. These risks include exposure to infection from patients, heavy workload for long hours, personal protective equipment for extended periods of time, and facing violence. They sometimes abuse by patients or their families without adequate protection.
Files: Right to Health
Lack of retention of Egyptian doctors is a crucial issue at stake. Investigating the roots of the problem necessitates an extensive situation analysis of doctors’ working environment and conditions, which touches upon other Health System Building Blocks, like Health Financing, Governance and Leadership, Access to Medicines and Service Delivery. Defects in mentioned building blocks mean less incentives for doctors retention in the public sector and, arguably, the country.
The continued detention of Islam Orabi despite obtaining a decision to release him and having paid his bail constitutes a crime of unlawful detention, and is punishable under Article 280 of the Penal Code which states: “Any person who arrests, jails or detains a person without order by the relevant authorities and in other than the cases in which laws and regulations authorize the arrest of suspects, he shall be punished with detention or a fine not exceeding two hundred pounds”. Orabi’s disappearance from the police department increases fears about his safety and the possibility of deterioration of his health, which may constitute a danger to his life.
EIPR stresses the importance of equitable distribution of vaccines among citizens, and commitment to full transparency in clarifying the basis on which the vaccine will be distributed, because justice and transparency are the way to gain citizens' confidence in responding to the state's directives during the vaccination process of the Covid-19 vaccine.
And because monitoring clinical trial procedures in general, and this important experiment in particular, is part of the role of civil society, a member of the EIPR team volunteered and joined this clinical trial. He followed the procedures and was registered among the trial participants after completing and fulfilling the conditions for participation.
EIPR will be advocating and supporting the adoption of all global policies that would ensure equitable access to medications, technologies and information for all, during this pandemic and beyond as part of its continuous quest to ensure the insurance of the Right to Health for all.
Egypt has missed that opportunity, so far, according to the paper published by EIPR, on October the 17th, titled: "Four flaws: Assessing the Egyptian-IMF energy subsidies reform". The publication coincides with the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty. The paper depends on the principle: "clean energy guaranteed to all at reasonable prices", which is the seventh goal of the sustainable development goals that the Egyptian state adopted and is supposed to achieve (Egypt 2030).
The following points attempt to draw a picture of the labor market in Egypt, and point out its key shortcomings and imbalances, which are exacerbated with the crisis of Covid-19. The crisis, at the same time, opens a door for discussion and redress for some of these imbalances. The Egyptian law allows any employer to fire his employees, without any compensation or pension. When a worker gets sick, and he is the provider for his family, he often does not have health insurance that guarantees his treatment.
In the year of the pandemic, as the World Health Organization called it last March, when millions lose their jobs and their basic living, the government chooses to cut spending on food subsidies. Despite the exhaustion of the health system, headed by doctors and nurses in government hospitals, the government chose to complete its neglect of the constitutional minimum spending on health.
The proposal was prepared in cooperation with the Ministry of Health and Population in 2014 and stresses the basic conditions for ensuring the formation of a council that will achieve a radical and sustainable reform of the governance of the health care system. EIPR stresses the importance of respecting these conditions while working on the law proposal. Through this paper, EIPR presents again the proposed law submitted in 2014, an explanation of it and a proposal for its formation and mechanisms of action.